Thursday, August 12, 2010

anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)


hurm..macam2 soalan bermain di kepala hotak lately
naik fenin ana punya kefale..
tapi nak biarkan dulu..
malas nak pikir..

biarkan dulu...
target terdekat adalah nak lepaskan quiz cardiovascular..
and exam final sem...

oh yeah...
ACL...stand for..anterior cruciate ligament..
teruk gak saya kne marah dgn tutor pasal benda ni..
last2 kne study..tapi takpe..saya akan ingat benda ni sampai bila2..
thanks KU FAKHRI

*KU FAKHRI dia ha...
sy main search kat internet je..
nanti saya cari futher dalam medical surgical book..
untuk tau management of ACL..oke..

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the four major ligaments of the human knee. In the quadruped stifle (analogous to the knee), based on its anatomical position, it is referred to as the cranial cruciate ligament.

The ACL originates from deep within the notch of the distal femur. Its proximal fibers fan out along the medial wall of the lateral femoral condyle. There are two bundles of the ACL—the anteromedial and the posterolateral, named according to where the bundles insert into the tibial plateau. The ACL attaches in front of the intercondyloid eminence of the tibia, being blended with the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus. These attachments allow it to resist anterior translation of the tibia, in relation to the femur.

Anterior cruciate ligament injury is the most common knee ligament injury, especially in athletes. ACL tears are more common in women than men, though the exact reason why is highly debated, and primarily happen while playing soccer, basketball, or skiing. Lateral rotational movements in sports like these are what cause the ACL to strain or tear. Strains can sometimes be fixed through physical therapy and muscle strengthening, though tears almost always require surgery. The most common method for repairing ACL injuries is arthroscopic surgery. Doctors will either use a patient's own tendons, such as part of their hamstring, or ligaments from cadavers to construct a new ACL. Other common injuries accompanying ACL tears are meniscus, MCL, and knee cartilage tears.

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